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India boasts of having many world heritage sites, which are a reflection of its rich cultural and architectural heritage. Taj Mahal, built in 1631, the symbol of love is one of the most visited tourist monuments of the country of which everyone is proud of. It was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in the memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. Built on the southern banks of river Yamuna in Agra, it is 220 kms from the capital city of India, Delhi.
The unique and scientific planning as well as the beauty of Taj Mahal has made it a monument which was ahead of its time. Because of such kind of an appeal differs it from the various other world heritage sites. Because of being a symbol of love as well as being an example of excellence of Mughal architecture, it is flocked by a large number of tourists, both local and foreign, every year.
In the year 1983, Taj Mahal was declared a world heritage site by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). The main work of this organization is to encourage the protection as well as protection of the heritage sites all around the world. when a monument, enters the list of world heritage sites, it receives patronage from UNESCO, as far as technical assistance and professional training is concerned. Along with this, it also provides emergency assistance and public awareness for the conservation of world heritage.
UNESCO’s Standards to make the site eligible under World Heritage Site:
The nominated site must be of "outstanding universal value" to be eligible for World Heritage Site. In addition to this, the site should also comply with any of the ten critters criteria mentioned below-
The site should symbolize a masterpiece create by human genius.
Should showcase an important exchange of human values within a cultural area or over a span of time. Additionally, attributes like development in technology and architecture, town planning, monumental arts should also be justified by the site proposed for World Heritage Site.
The site should bear at least as extraordinary or unique testimony to a civilization or cultural tradition which might or might not exist today.
A spectacular example of a sea-use, land-use, or traditional human settlement, presenting human or cultural interaction with the environment. This becomes essential with the site becoming risky under the effect of irreversible change.
Direct or tangible association with living tradition or events is required. Association with beliefs, ideas, literary & artistic works,etc.of spectacular universal significance are also considered important for marking world heritage site.
Brilliant natural beauty or superlative natural phenomena, along with aesthetic importance are also considered as a World Heritage Site.
Excellent example showcasing important stages of the history of the earth. Substantial on-going geological processes, record of life, physiographic features, or significant geomorphic are also some of the attributes to look for.
Important on-going biological and ecological processes in the development and evolution of fresh water, terrestrial, marine and coastal ecosystems, and biotic communities.
Consist of significant and important natural habitats for preservation of biological diversity. This should include endangered species of outstanding universal value from a conservation or scientific outlook.